Scientists discover an ancient sea cow in a paving stone in Spain

sea cow

Have you ever spotted something unexpected while walking down the street?

Last December, paleontologists literally stumbled upon a new discovery of a fossil sea cow in a very unexpected place – in a limestone paving stone in Spain!

The finding is presented this week at the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology meeting in Salt Lake City, Utah. Researchers describe this remarkable finding and how it is changing our understanding of sea cow evolution.

The unusual pavement was spotted in the picturesque town of Girona, northern Spain.

A local geologist first noticed the fossil and submitted it to Paleourbana, an online database of urban fossils worldwide.

As word of the fossil spread, paleontologists from the Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin, visited Girona to take a look.

Closer inspection of the paving stones revealed that the complex array of shapes was slices of the backbone and skull of an ancient marine mammal.

Based on the skull and teeth, they concluded that it was a sirenian, or sea cow, a member of a group of large, plant-eating marine mammals represented today by the living manatee and dugong.

Once the significance of the fossil was understood, researchers worked with the mayoralty of Girona and local geologists to have the 50x30cm large paving stones removed for study.

Since the rock was cut into slices to form the paving stones, the paleontologists had a cross-sectional view of the sea cow’s skull, revealing many details of its anatomy.

However, they also wanted to see inside the stones, so they took them to a medical hospital, the Clinica Girona, where they were CT-scanned.

The scientists discovered that the ‘Girona Sea Cow’ is most likely a representative of Prototherium, a genus of extinct sea cows from Spain and Italy.

However, this finding is particularly important because the rocks from which the paving slabs were quarried are 40 million years old.

Therefore, the finding represents one of the oldest sea cows in Europe, making it a unique opportunity to enhance the knowledge on the evolution and diversity of this marine mammal group that arose about 50 million years ago.

Next the scientists will use the CT scans to try to digitally piece together the separate skull slices of Prototherium.

This can help them answer more questions, such as the animals’ age when it died and its potential relationship to other fossil sea cows.

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News source: Society of Vertebrate Paleontology.
Figure legend: This image is for illustrative purposes only.