In a recent review and analysis of published studies since 2005, researchers found that dietary and exercise interventions can improve physical function and quality of life in older adults with obesity.
The analysis included 6 unique studies plus 13 that were based on the same study population, with a total of 405 adults with obesity all aged over 60 years.
Researchers focused on weight loss, physical performance, and quality of life before and after the interventions.
They found that greater weight loss was observed in groups with a healthy diet than those with exercise alone.
In addition, exercise alone led to better physical function but no significant weight loss.
Combined diet and exercise led to the greatest improvement in physical performance and quality of life and decreases in muscle and bone mass.
Obesity in older adults is a significant public health concern. Further work is needed to show how to effectively engage senior people to improve their physical function and quality of life.
Citation: Batsis JA, et al. (2016). Weight Loss Interventions in Older Adults with Obesity: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials since 2005. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, published online. DOI: 10.1111/jgs.14514.
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